2nd Baltic Earth Winter School

Analysis of Climate Variability

  • LocationOnline
  • HostLeibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht on behalf of Baltic Earth
  • ContributorVarious lecturers

Students will be introduced to the analysis of climate variability from years to millennia as recorded from instrumental data, historical documents and proxy data such as tree ring data or sediment cores. The focus will be on the climate of the Baltic Sea region but an overview on global climate variability and processes in the atmosphere, ocean, sea-ice and land surface relevant for the climate system will be introduced as well. For the analysis of climate variability, both statistical methods and numerical modeling are used. Methods for the detection of systematic changes in climate and for the attribution of drivers to these changes will be presented and discussed. The course will introduce fundamentals of statistics, time series analysis, multivariate data analysis, uncertainty analysis in statistical methods and strategies of statistical analysis.

The Baltic Sea is a relatively young marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean that was formed after the last deglaciation. During the Last Glacial Maximum, a thick ice sheet covered the whole basin. After all ice had melted, first the Baltic Ice Lake was formed, then the Yoldia Sea and Ancylus Lake and, finally, the Littorina Sea (the Baltic Sea we know today), as a consequence of the interplay between sea level rise and land uplift which controls the water exchange between the Baltic Sea and the world ocean. The course will introduce the history of the Baltic Sea. In addition to lectures, tutorials, exercises and literature studies, the course will give students the opportunity to discuss the learned topics further during group exercises.

Course period: 8 days: Wednesday 17 March 2021 - Friday 26 March 2021 (no course on Sat/Sun 20-21 March)

Course site: online via Zoom

Estimated number of participants: 10-20 students from all Baltic Sea countries

Applications: The School is open to undergraduate students in geosciences such as climate science, meteorology, oceanography and hydrology and associated fields.

Credits: There are 3 ECTS credits for the successful completion of this course.

Please use our application tool on the website:

Also provide your contact, a motivation letter (max. 1 page), a short CV (max. 2 pages) and a recommendation letter from your supervisor.

Notification of candidates: Late January 2021


Prof. Dr. Markus Meier
Prof Dr. Johanna Baehr
Dr. Cyril Dutheil
Dr. Hagen Radtke
Dr. Jerome Kaiser
Prof. Dr. Anders Omstedt
Dr. Sebastian Wagner
Dr. Marcus Reckermann


Berit Recklebe

Leibnitz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde

+49-381 5197 111

E-mail contact