6th International Baltic Earth Summer School on Climate of the Baltic Sea region

Summer School

6th International Baltic Earth Summer School
Evening at Askö station
  • LocationOnline
  • HostLeibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde and Rostock University and the Baltic Earth programme through the International Baltic Earth Secretariat at Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht. The Summer School is hosted by Askö Laboratory of Stockholm University, Baltic Sea Centre.

The course will focus on past and future changes in climate of the Baltic Sea region. The Baltic Sea is a semi-enclosed sea with a large freshwater supply from rivers of the adjacent catchment area in the transition zone between maritime and continental climates in northern Europe. Many long-term observational data are available and provide a good knowledge about oceanic changes during the past two centuries and even longer periods. Proxy-data of the past 1,000 to 2,000 years bear witness of a pronounced climate variability in the region.

Students will be introduced into fundamental processes of the atmosphere, ocean, sea-ice and land surface with relevance for the climate system. We will start from basic principles and equations of motion that describe the circulation and dynamics in the atmosphere, ocean and sea-ice. The available knowledge in the literature about water and energy balances will be presented. Further basic methods of the analysis and modeling of the regional climate system will be introduced, including the statistical analysis of time series to identify changes in regional climate. We will explain atmospheric pressure patterns of the large-scale circulation like the North Atlantic circulation with influence on the Baltic Sea and the corresponding catchment area.

The students will also be introduced into the functioning of the wind-driven and thermohaline circulations of the Baltic Sea. Furthermore, the course will deal with coupled atmosphere-ocean climate models, climate change, the greenhouse gas effect and other drivers of regional climate, dynamical downscaling, and the variability of circulation and regional climate. We will also study the possible impact of climate change on the marine ecosystem including biogeochemical cycles.

With the help of teachers from several disciplines, a holistic Earth System approach will be presented although the main focus of the course is on the physical aspects of changing climate. In addition to lectures, tutorials, exercises and literature studies the course will give the students the opportunity to discuss the learned topics further during group exercises.

Every year many students from the entire Baltic Sea region apply for taking part in the Summer School, which is reflected in the international flair that is spread by the multi-cultural composition of the group.

In cooperation with the Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde and the international Baltic Earth Network, the students are offered a high-quality education, which is complemented by guest lecturers from the Baltic Sea states.


  • Markus Meier Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, Germany
  • Laura Tuomi Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
  • Christoph Humborg Stockholm University, Sweden
  • Susanne Kratzer Stockholm University, Sweden
  • Daniel Conley Lund University, Sweden
  • Karol Kulinski Institute of Oceanology PAN, Sopot, Poland
  • Marcus Reckermann International Baltic Earth Secretariat at Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany


  • Markus Meier, Hagen Radtke & Jan Kaiser Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, Germany


Berit Recklebe

Leibnitz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde

+49-381 5197 111

E-mail contact

Course period:

Starting Monday 24 August, through Monday 31 August. Detailed times please take from the Draft schedule.


3 ECTS for the successful participation (exam) in the course.