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2nd Baltic Earth Conference
The Baltic Sea Region in Transition
Helsingor, Denmark
11 - 15 June 2018

BACC II


 

Baltic Earth projects

A tentative compilation of current Baltic Earth projects is underway. If you feel a project is missing, send an E-mail to the IBES.


BONUS INTEGRAL

Integrated carbon and trace gas monitoring for the Baltic Sea

A BONUS project, duration 3 years (2017-2020)

BONUS INTEGRAL seeks to demonstrate and exploit the potential added value of the marine stations of ICOS and similar instrumentation for the ecosystem state monitoring of the Baltic Sea as an important contribution to a state-of-the-art improved HELCOM monitoring.

Currently, twelve European nations are national partners of the Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS), the pan-European research infrastructure (RI) to provide high-precision data on Greenhouse Gas fluxes and budgets. Four of the pan-Baltic countries (Finland, Sweden, Germany, Denmark) are already partners in the ICOS RI with partly or fully established infrastructure, other countries like Poland and Estonia are currently in the process of developing their strategy towards ICOS. The overall aim of ICOS with its large investments is to provide European-wide CO2 and – to a lesser extent – non-CO2 (i.e. methane and nitrous oxide) greenhouse gas concentration and flux data.

BONUS INTEGRAL seeks to demonstrate and exploit the potential added value of the marine stations of ICOS and similar instrumentation for the ecosystem state monitoring of the Baltic Sea as an important contribution to a state-of-the-art improved HELCOM monitoring. In direct response to the requirements of the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive, BONUS INTEGRAL will provide new approaches for the monitoring of marine eutrophication and acidification, and explore the integrated greenhouse gas flux as a potential new indicator for the good environmental status of the Baltic Sea.

Integrating the different components and data streams of ICOS, related infrastructure, and pre-existing related data in the pan-Baltic Sea area will be in the core of BONUS INTEGRAL. Field studies will be conducted to assure operation and install amendments to existing infrastructure in maximizing innovation and gained knowledge. One major aim of the project is to provide best possible experimentally based seasonal surface concentration charts of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide over the Baltic Sea.  

Within BONUS INTEGRAL, the carbon system implementation in an existing high resolution, physical-biogeochemical model will be scrutinised and improved, and the model results will be evaluated against observations of the carbon system (and other variables). This approach is based on the strong, scientifically underpinned belief that the cycling of carbon is the key variable of marine biogeochemistry, is linking the effects of eutrophication and deoxygenation, and determines the magnitude of coastal acidification.

In order to strengthen the Baltic Sea ecosystem monitoring, the project will advise the implementation of ICOS in the south-eastern countries of the Baltic, and actively promote the implementation of an ocean (sea) component. The aim is also to demonstrate the added value of using greenhouse gas data in combination with carbon system data, and promote project’s findings towards a better, cost effective ecosystem based monitoring of the Baltic Sea.

Gregor Rehder, Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, Project Coordinator

More...
BONUS page of this project


BALTICAPP

Wellbeing from the Baltic Sea – applications combining natural science and economics

A BONUS project, duration 3 years (2015-2018)

The project will study both the supply and demand of marine ecosystem services across the entire Baltic Sea region in a spatially and temporally detailed manner. The first key objective is to identify long-term strategies for safeguarding a sustained supply of ecosystem services that support sea-dependent lifestyles and wellbeing in the Baltic Sea region under anticipated climate and socio-economic developments. This is achieved by a novel combination of existing state-of-the-art modelling tools and recently collected data to link anthropogenic pressures, marine ecosystem and human wellbeing. The second key objective is to utilize the concept of ‘Citizen Science’ and recent developments in information technology to experiment innovative, low-cost methods to acquire spatially and temporally detailed data on the demand of cultural ecosystem services. For this end, we apply a soft-GIS application for valuation of cultural ecosystem services and pilot a mobile application that enables the end-users of the Baltic Sea ecosystem services share spatially and temporally explicit information on the state of the Baltic Sea. These applications provide the research community and policymakers valuable information on the consumption patterns and hotspot areas of recreation and other cultural ecosystem services, and fill in knowledge gaps related to those ecosystem services that are particularly important for well-being.

More...

Read the article by Kari Hyytiäinen, University of Helsinki in the Baltic Earth Newsletter 3 (June 2017)


SHEBA                 

Sustainable shipping and environment of the Baltic Sea region

A BONUS project, duration 3 years (2015-2018)

SHEBA will analyse the drivers for shipping, obtain the present and future traffic volumes and calculate a set of scenarios which will then feed into calculations of emissions to water, to air, and of underwater noise using and extending the currently most advanced emission model based on Automatic Identification System (AIS) ship movement data. Atmospheric, oceanic and noise propagation models in combination with ecotoxicology studies will then be used to assess spatio-temporal distributions, fates and effects of these stressors in the Baltic Sea region. The project will assess the impact of different pollutants to the water quality indicators of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and Water Framework Directive and to the air quality indicators. Further, the project will provide an integrated assessment of policy options to mitigate pressures linked to shipping, quantifying as far as possible anticipated changes in ecosystem services compared to an established baseline. This will include an analysis of trade-offs between options as well as synergies, and the marginal changes in costs and benefits of options to reduce environmental pressures from shipping and support the achievement of Good Environmental Status as prescribed by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. SHEBA is supported by a wide group of stakeholders, including harbours, shipping industry and authorities, who will be consulted about the input of data, feedback and results of the project.

More...

Read the article by Markus Quante (Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Insititute of Coastal Research, Geesthacht, Germany) and Jana Moldanova (Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL), Gothenburg, Sweden) in the Baltic Earth Newsletter 3 (June 2017)


Individual research projects


If you are involved in any of the Baltic Earth related Grand Challenges, you are encouraged to send us a project proposal. For details klick here.


BALTEX Projects

BALTEX Phase II projects

Large interdisciplinary projects

  • PolPer:Baltic2011 - A survey of political stakeholders’ perceptions of climate change and adaptation in the Baltic Sea region
  • BACC II - Second BALTEX Assessment of Climate Change in the Baltic Sea Basin (Hans von Storch and the BACC II Group)
  • Baltic-C - Building predictive capability regarding the Baltic Sea organic/inorganic carbon and oxygen systems (A BONUS funded project; coordinator: Anders Omstedt, University of Gothenburg)
  • ECOSUPPORT - Advanced tool for scenarios of the Baltic Sea ECOsystem to SUPPORT decision making (A BONUS funded project; coordinator: H.E. Markus Meier, SMHI)
  • AMBER - Assessment and Modelling of Baltic Ecosystem Response
  • BACC - BALTEX Assessment of Climate Change in the Baltic Sea Basin (Hans von Storch and the BACC Group)
  • BALTIC GRID - BALTEX II Major Data Analysis and Networking (Andreas Lehmann)
  • HYACINTS - HYdrological Modelling for Assessing Climate Change Impacts at differeNT Scales (Danish National Research Project, various partners)

Individual research projects

PhD projects in work

Finished Ph.D. projects (with links to full thesis downloads)


BALTEX Phase I projects


BALTEX Phase I Field Campaigns

Three major field campaigns including related modelling and analysis activities with funding support through both the 4th and 5th European Framework Programmes have been conducted by members of the BALTEX community:

  • BASIS - The Baltic Air-Sea-Ice Study
  • CLIWA-NET - BALTEX Cloud Liquid Water Network
  • PEP in BALTEX - Pilot Study of Evaporation and Precipitation over the Baltic Sea


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Last update of this page: 13 Oct 2017